Faculty of Language, Literature and Humanities - Corpus Linguistics and Morphology

Corpus Linguistics and Morphology

Man­y ar­e­as of re­search re­quire the use of tex­tu­al da­ta. Cor­pus Lin­guis­tics is con­cerned with the struc­ture, proc­ess­ing and the e­val­u­ation of (e­lec­tron­ic) cor­po­ra. Cor­po­ra are col­lec­tions of texts that have been com­piled ac­cord­ing to the re­quire­ments of a par­tic­u­lar ar­e­a of re­search. Our ar­e­a of in­ter­est is in 'spe­cial' cor­po­ra such as learner cor­po­ra and his­tor­i­cal cor­po­ra, as well as cor­pus ar­chi­tec­ture.

Mor­phol­o­gy deals with the struc­ture and con­struc­tion of com­plex words. The main ar­e­as are word for­ma­tion, which gen­er­al­ly cre­ates new lem­mas (like Re­ak­ti­ons­zeit 're­ac­tion time' or Gas­pha­sen­tem­pe­ra­tur­be­stim­mung 'gas phase tem­per­a­ture ac­qui­si­tion'), and in­flec­tion, which cre­ates new word forms (Re­ak­ti­ons­zei­ten 're­ac­tion times').

Our favourite quote on mor­phol­o­gy says it all: "Mor­phol­o­gy is the con­cep­tu­al cen­tre of lin­guis­tics. This is not be­cause it is the dom­i­nant sub­dis­ci­pline, but be­cause mor­phol­o­gy is the stud­y of word struc­ture, and words are at the in­ter­face be­tween pho­nol­o­gy, syn­tax, and se­man­tics. Words have pho­nol­og­i­cal prop­er­ties, they ar­tic­u­late to­geth­er to form phras­es and sen­tences, their form of­ten re­flects their syn­tac­tic func­tion, and their parts are of­ten com­posed of mean­ing­ful small­er piec­es. [...] For this rea­son, mor­phol­o­gy is some­thing all lin­guists have to know a­bout." (Spen­cer & Zwicky, 1998, 1)

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